Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilization, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, Western drama and notably the Olympic Games. A sun-drenched ribbon of ancient islands, treasured seas, brightly-painted houses, and silver-grey olive groves. A world of endless relaxation and infinite smiles. Lacelike shores of crystal clear waters; fine sand beaches; sparkling white islands; pristine nature; warm, welcoming people; delicious food; amazing history: this is Greece, a country famous the world over.
Crete is the largest island in Greece, and the fifth largest one in the Mediterranean Sea. Here, you can admire the remnants of brilliant civilizations, explore glorious beaches, impressive mountainscapes and become part of the island’s rich gastronomic culture.
Αttica, is a historical region that encompasses the city of Athens, the capital of Greece and the history of Attica is connected with that of Athens. It is a peninsula projecting into the Aegean Sea, with Boeotia to the north and Megaris to the west.
Its rich multi-cultural heritage, its historic monuments, its stunning natural landscape, its crystal clear seas, and its excellent weather all year round explain why Corfu is one of the most cosmopolitan Mediterranean destinations captivating its visitors.
Herodotus mentions Carians as the original inhabitants of the island. Ionians from Athens seem to have followed next in the early 11th century BC. There were many people living on the neighbouring island of Delos, only 2 km (1.2 miles) away, which meant that Mykonos became an important place for supplies and transit.
The Peloponnese is a peninsula that covers an area south of Attica and constitutes the southernmost part of mainland Greece. While technically it may be considered an island since the construction of the Corinth Canal in 1893, like other peninsulas that have been separated from their mainland by man-made bodies of waters, it is referred to as an "island".
The islands were settled by Greeks at an early date, possibly as early as 1200 BC, and certainly by the 9th century BC. The early Eretrian settlement at Kerkyra was displaced by colonists from Corinth in 734 BC. The islands were mostly a backwater during Ancient Greek times and played little part in Greek politics.